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The nursing theory of human relations of H.E. Peplau and its significance for nursing practice in psychiatry.
Housework 2003 16 pages.Excerpt.Content.1 Introduction for the topic 1.1 Historical background 1.2 Science Theoretical background.2 metaparadigms care two.1 people and society 2.2 Well being critical analysis of an article and illness 2.3 care.3 Key Concepts 3.1 Psychodynamische Care three.two The connection involving patient and caregiver 3.three rollers with the nurses.4 Theory and Practice 4.1 relating to care https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Libya and maintenance method 4.2 Procedures for case management.5 Vital appraisal and summary.1 Introduction for the topic.1.1 Historical background.closed in 1931 to study
The 1909 born in Pensylvania, USA Hildegard E. Peplau her education as a nurse and after that worked inside the surgical service until 1936 head of the health service at Bennington College and also began "Interpersonal Psychology" what they 1943 graduated using a Bachelor of Arts. Soon after operating as a lieutenant of the US Army Corps care in England she studied at Teachers College, Columbia University, and received his the "Master of Arts" in psychiatric nursing. Furthermore to her doctorate in Educational Medical professional, she worked in each the clinical and outpatient region as a psychiatric nurse. In 1954 she went to the University of New Jersey, where she taught till psychiatric her retirement in 1974 care. Hildegard E. Peplau has also worked in several organizations and institutions, which includes the Planet Wellness Organization and the American Nursing Association. She has received quite a few awards for their solutions and received four honorary doctorates.
Her book "Interpersonal relations of nursing" published Hildegard E. Peplau 1952 and revolutionized the psychiatric nursing at that time. Care Scientifically relevant hypotheses had been so far installed only by Florence Nightingale, Virginia Henderson published its definition of 14 fundamental demands have 1955th1.two Science Theoretical background.Peplaus function is based around the assumptions of humanistic psychology. It was based largely on Maslow (Motivation Theory), Miller (character theory), Symonds (psychoanalytic theory) and Sullivan (character improvement) and utilized www.summarizing.biz/newspaper-summary-example/ as their primary behavioral psychology and psychoanalytic theories to develop their certain description of nursing. At that time, place this type of approach in science a novelty.
Against this background set Peplau substantial observations of nursing practice at being able to trace back towards the every day mundane experiences of nurses with all the understanding of symbolic interactionism to general hypotheses - a methodical approach that we describe today with all the idea of Grounded Theory would. Peplau presented in their theory the relationship of nurse and patient in the center and thereby established the college of interaction theorists / inside.2 metaparadigms of care.2.1 men and women and society.Peplau sees each person as an "organism in an unstable equilibrium lives" and "moving toward a stable equilibrium," but he can by no means pretty reach. As a result he trachte his character under continuing improvement. This care is aimed at a mastering course of action that individual to the development of sources. In this context, 4 psychobiological experiences play a central role, and all people are the same, namely, requirements, aggravation, conflict and fear. This cause tension, which attempts to lessen the individual ..
improvement potential is usually to Peplau closely linked to the social and cultural context of the person, which must be taken into account by the care and involved. The degree of social integration on the patient will be to be understood in close connection with all the instruction of person coping potentials and look at the appropriately in arranging, implementation and evaluation of care measures. Yet, the concentrate Peplaus theoretical considerations is the consideration of interpersonal partnership processes.two.2 wellness and illness.Well being would be to Peplau a word symbol that incorporates a constructive development with the character and other human processes with regards to a creative, constructive, productive, personally and socially accepted life. Wellness is as a result topic to continuous dynamic adjust approach. Illness is understood within this context as an chance for learning and growth to drive on their very own, this constructive development of the personality ahead.
two.three Care.Figure not integrated within this excerpt.Peplau maintaining itself as a "significant therapeutic, interpersonal process" in which the caregiver inside the therapy course of action involved targets with their perform in cooperation with other individuals around the promotion of an independent life in the patient in overall health. Right here Peplau defined care as an independent profession which might be taught and discovered have to. clarifies Peplaus definition as multi-layered and complicated would be the field of activity of nurses and what diversity demanded of it to roll them.
three essential concepts.3.1 Psychodynamic care.As opposed to mechanistic perspectives of nursing, which - involve closely applied to health-related categorization and Typologisierungsmodellen the danger of labeling the patient Peplau considers the care and treatment process as a dynamic course of human interaction. Access to the patient is at a "soziopsychosomatischen" way and has the caregiver in order that a significantly richness within the range of tasks to than it does the mechanistic method. They has to be thought of when assessing a patient and his requirements involve biological components at the same time as social science and psychological. In order for any holistic method to care is defined that requires a steady exchange of nurse and patient.The following are the key assumptions are presented such a dynamic connection procedure.